Catharine Beecher and Harriet Beecher Stowe: pioneers in American kitchen design.
American Women's Home, published in 1869.
pdf excerpt prepared by Julia Lupton
Christine Frederick (1883-1970): industrial approach to home kitchen.
The New American Housekeeping, 1913.
study guide (National Humanities Center)
How to wash dishes (exerpt from History Matters)
About Christine Frederick (commerical site)
Ellen Lupton and J. Abbot Miller, The Process of Elimination: The Bathroom, the Kitchen and the Aesthetics of Waste. 1992.
THIS WEEK'S DRAWING BOARD
Draw a diagram describing where and what you ate yesterday. Who cooked each meal? Where did you eat it in relation to where it was cooked? Did you eat alone or with others? What, if anything, about the space where you ate made the experience a positive one? How might design be used to improve that experience? Your analysis can take any form you'd like, but should fit on one page. Due at beginning of next class.
Drawing Board example: eating in the dorms, and eating in the car.
FURTHER IDEAS AND RESOURCES
The Kitchen Work Triangle (from Wikipedia)
The idea of the "kitchen work triangle" was already formulated by Catharine Beecher, but was formalized as part of the "Small Homes Council" of the School of Architecture of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, founded in 1944 with the goal to improve the state of the art in home building, originally with an emphasis on standardization for cost reduction. The Kitchen Triangle maps the three main functions of storage, preparation, and cooking, arranged in such a way that work at one place does not interfere with work at another place, the distance between these places is not unnecessarily large, and no obstacles are in the way. A natural arrangement is a triangle, with the refrigerator, the sink, and the stove at a vertex of each.
Modern kitchen forms (on Wikipedia)
history of kitchen appliances
History of the Kitchen
Franklin stove, invented 1742
American Home, by Catharine Beecher , 1843/1869
Book image from
Floor plan: American Home, by Catharine Beecher , 1843/1869
Kitchen design by Catharine Beecher
Frankfurt kitchen, based on modern industrial principles, designed by Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky in 1926
The Toaster Museum